emil schutzels santos-dumont 14-bis

In 1906 Santos-Dumont designed the first French airplane, a lightweight box-kite plane 14-bis, built for him by the Voisin brothers. The 14-bis  pioneered wheeled landing gear, and in 1906, became the first airplane to fly in public (leading many to believe that Santos-Dumont had achieved the first successful airplane flight). It flew brief hops, under moderate control, and was promptly hailed throughout Europe as the first successful airplane (the Wright’s secretive achievements, not yet validated by any independent, internationally recognized authority, were not yet widely believed outside the United States, until the Wrights’ 1908 European tour). Even after the Wrights performed in Europe in 1908, Santos-Dumont’s 14-bis was widely regarded as the first European plane to fly under human control.

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